Retailers struggled to get kids into stores as students wrestled with the idea of going back to school last month, leaving most of those reporting with modest August increases.
Among those releasing comparable sales on Thursday, there was general agreement that stores got much of their business late in the month, as Labor Day approached, and only after a combination of vigorous promotions and cooler temperatures established more of a sense of urgency about buying apparel. Thomson Reuters put the mean increase for the month at 3.5 percent.
A Stella McCartney sketch of a custom dress made from protein-based silk in partnership with biotech lab Bolt Threads. The dress will be displayed at The Museum of Modern Art's upcoming design exhibition, "Items: Is Fashion Modern?"