By  on April 7, 2005

GENEVA — The European Union on Wednesday published the long-awaited guidelines it will use in determining whether to slap temporary safeguard quotas on rising Chinese imports, following the Jan. 1 abolition of textile and apparel quotas.

The rules spell out how much Chinese imports would need to rise in any one category of goods to trigger a review and possible safeguard quotas. They also include a fast-track emergency procedure in the event of massive surges.

“The guidelines recognize the legitimate concerns of member-state governments and the textiles sector, while allowing China to benefit from the lifting of the quotas,” EU Trade Commissioner Peter Mandelson said in a statement. “They equip us to make a swift and effective response.”

The amount that Chinese imports would need to increase to trigger a safeguard review takes into account China’s share of the European market. For instance, in categories of goods where Chinese imports represent 7.5 percent or less of the European market, this year, those imports would need to double to trigger a review. Next year, a rise of 50 percent or more would cause a review.

In categories where Chinese imports represent 7.5 to 20 percent of the market, a 50 percent rise in imports would trigger a review. Where Chinese imports make up 20 to 35 percent of the market, a 30 percent hike would begin a review and in categories where China accounts for more than 35 percent of the market, an increase of 10 percent would set the review process in motion.

The EU also sketched out minimum growth rates below which it would try to avoid initiating a safeguard review, ranging from 10 to 25 percent, depending on China’s market share.

China agreed to the safeguard mechanism when it joined the World Trade Organization in 2001. The safeguards allow importing countries to cap the growth of Chinese imports in particular categories to no more than 7.5 percent from the previous year, or 6 percent for wool products, if those imports are causing market disruption.

The EU guidelines allow the commission to initiate a review of Chinese imports on its own, or at the request of any of its 25 member states. Unlike in the U.S., the rules do not allow private industry groups to file safeguard petitions.

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