By  on June 19, 2007

GENEVA — Global textile exports accounted for the largest number of final antidumping measures imposed from last July 1 through Dec. 31, a World Trade Organization report said.

Textiles was the focus of 14 of the 66 final measures, followed by plastics with 13, the report said. India imposed seven of the textile measures; South Korea, three; China, two; and Taiwan and Peru, one each, the WTO said.

China, the top exporter of textiles, was the target of about one-third of the cases, which included products such as yarns and silk fabrics. Under global standards, dumping occurs when an exporter sells goods abroad at a lower price than in the country of origin, or at below cost.

Reflecting intensified global competition since quotas were lifted in 2005, India, which also is a major producer and exporter of textiles, slapped duties ranging from 42 percent to 77 percent in December on 9.8 million yards of silk fabric. India also imposed duties of 83 percent on imports of two types of Chinese yarn and mandated antidumping duties on imports of nylon filament yarn from Indonesia and South Korea.

Twenty-three final antidumping measures on textiles were reported to the WTO Secretariat by member countries last year, compared with 13 in 2005.

During the second half of the year, Chinese products also were the most targeted for the launch of antidumping investigations, accounting for 36 of the 103 new cases opened. The chemicals sector, with 25 new initiations, was the most targeted worldwide, followed by pulp and paper products, with 16 initiations, and base metals with 16.

The European Union launched the largest number of new cases, 17, followed by India, 12, Argentina, 10, Brazil, nine, Malaysia, eight, and China, seven.

The WTO said that 11 new antidumping investigations were started on textile products last year, compared with 27 in 2005.

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