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China Leads Production Rise in Developing Countries

Global apparel and textile manufacturing grew in 2011.

GENEVA — Apparel production in developing countries, spearheaded by double-digit gains in China, rose by 8.1 percent in the fourth quarter of 2011 compared with the same period the previous year, boosting global output in the sector 4.3 percent, as production in rich countries fell by 6 percent, a United Nations report said.

Global textiles showed a similar outcome, with production in developing countries advancing 5.7 percent, but registering a decline of 2.8 percent in developed nations to deliver an overall increase of 3.2 percent in world production.

The report from the Vienna-based U.N. Industrial Development Organization revealed that in 2011 global manufacturing production in textiles and apparel grew 4.5 and 7.1 percent, respectively, with developing countries outperforming industrialized nations by a wide margin. In 2011, apparel production in developing economies grew 10.3 percent, with China’s activity increasing 11.7 percent in the quarter and 15.1 percent for the year, while Indonesia delivered an increase of 5.2 percent. India’s industry production fell 1.8 percent and Turkey’s dipped 1 percent.

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Among industrialized countries, apparel production in 2011 contracted 1.6 percent. But the U.S., which achieved increases in apparel in the first three quarters before falling back 1 percent in the fourth quarter, achieved an increase of 2.6 percent for the year. In textiles, U.S. production last year grew 3.8 percent, with gains in every quarter. Among the more troubled European economies, Germany posted a 1 percent gain, while France’s production declined 7.9 percent.

Around the globe in 2011, textile production increased 8.2 percent in China, 7.7 percent in Indonesia, 1.7 percent in Germany and 0.8 percent in India.

During the period, overall global manufacturing production increased 4.2 percent compared with the same quarter in 2010, and was the lowest quarterly growth rate for the year, said the report. The fourth quarter also showed that the worsening economic situation in Europe’s industrialized countries has negatively impacted consumer demand. This is also affecting manufacturing production in developing countries, where the growth rate was below 10 percent for the first time since the end of the financial crisis at 9.2 percent, and grew only 2 percent in rich countries.

In the U.S., the world’s biggest economy, total manufacturing in the fourth quarter rose 4.3 percent compared with the same three months last year, and in the world’s biggest emerging economy, China, production was up 13.1 percent.