Wal-Mart has had only four chief executive officers in its 51 years. Here, a look at their time at the top.

Sam Walton, 1962-1988

Sam Walton opened the firstWal-Mart in Rogers, Ark., in 1962, and took the company public eight years later, logging annual sales of $1 billion by 1980.

Walton’s competitive zeal and “aw shucks” demeanor helped him build a discount giant that fought off unions, “borrowed” ideas from competitors and severely pressured main street retailers.


David Glass, 1988-2000
David Glass stepped into the shoes of Wal-Mart’s famous founder, launched the Supercenter format and took the company’s low-cost vision to Mexico and beyond. Sales tallied $1 billiona week by 1993 and more than$100 billion annually by 1997.

Glass oversaw a period of huge expansion for Wal-Mart and stepped out on a high note, but missed the growing discontent with the company including concerns about how workers were treated.


H. Lee Scott, 2000-2009
H. Lee Scott helped bring the retailer into the digital age with walmart.com, was at the helm when the company reached the top of the Fortune 500, oversaw a major push for environmental sustainability and drove annual sales to more than $400 billion.

Scott’s tenure included some serious image rehab, a rare failure abroad, in Germany, and an unsuccessful turn toward more fashionable apparel.


Mike Duke, 2009-2014
Mike Duke expanded Wal-Mart to India and South Africa, supported programs for sustainable agriculture and U.S.-produced goods and established @walmartlabs, a hub for developing social, mobile and global platforms. Analysts expect sales in his final year to hit $478 billion.

Duke, like his predecessors, fought general concerns about how Wal-Mart treated its workers, and also wrestled with allegations that the company bribed Mexican officials to help speed up its expansion in the country.

RELATED STORY: Wal-Mart's New CEO — McMillon Brings Youth, Global View >>

To access this article, click here to subscribe or to log in.

To Read the Full Article
SUBSCRIBE NOW

Tap into our Global Network

Of Industry Leaders and Designers

load comments
blog comments powered by Disqus