GENEVA — More global leaders are raising their voices in concern over the effects of the coming end of the quotas system on the world economy.

Next year, the nations of the World Trade Organization will drop the quotas on textiles and apparel that have regulated that trade for more than three decades. A handful of nations, particularly China and India, are expected to see their sectors grow significantly at that time.

“Just the sheer scale of China’s capacity, and investment in China, has taken so much of the investment of the developing world and that’s having a result within Asia, as well as job losses,” said Mary Robinson, the honorary president of the advocacy group Oxfam International and former U.N. commissioner of human rights. “That is an issue that has to be addressed.”

“There needs to be a human rights analysis of the work of the WTO, of the trade barriers, and there needs to be more mobilization of opinion-formers who need to acknowledge that economic globalization benefits the strong and only helps those who are in a position to work in that context,” she recently told reporters here.

Meanwhile, B.K. Zutshi, who was India’s ambassador to WTO predecessor the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade at the time the end of quotas was voted on, said he feared the U.S. and EU might seek to extend the quota system informally.

He said he feared they “may resort to other means to contain and to restrict full and free access in textiles and clothing in their markets by use of other initiatives.”

The U.S. has already moved to impose temporary safeguard quotas on certain Chinese apparel and textile exports, while the EU textile organization Euratex has asked the European Commission to consider imposing across-the-board limits on China.

— J.Z.

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