Organizing in the Third World A Dangerous Job, Study Finds
GENEVA -- Thousands of trade unionists were arrested, jailed, tortured, fired or intimidated -- and 223 were murdered or disappeared -- across the world in 2001, the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions contended in a report released...
GENEVA--Thousands of trade unionists were arrested, jailed, tortured, fired or intimidated--and 223 were murdered or disappeared--across the world in 2001, the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions contended in a report released last week. A large number of reported abuses took place in textile and apparel factories, the study said.The ICFTU survey, which draws on data from 132 countries, concluded that over 4,000 trade unionists were arrested, 1,000 injured and 10,000 fired. It identified that the stubborn anti-democratic stance of certain nations and the fierce competition in the global economy as factors fueling the violations.Violations were particularly severe in many export-processing zones, it said."Pressure to compete in a global marketplace is no excuse for governments and employers to cut back and repress workers' basic human rights," said Guy Ryder, secretary general of the ICFTU."In places like Belarus, Zimbabwe and China, we find that undemocratic governments target trade unions first when their legitimacy is challenged," said the ICFTU chief, whose umbrella body represents 157 million workers in 225 affiliated organizations in 148 countries.The 237-page report documents a long list of abuses, including many in textile and apparel plants in Asia, Africa, Latin America and also in developed nations like the U.S.Juan Somavia, director general of the International Labor Organization, said the report showed that while labor advocates have worked for decades to improve the treatment of workers, "the situation in many countries today shows that the struggle continues."The study alleged that management of JAR Kenya, a clothing maker in Nairobi that does business with Wal-Mart Stores Inc., embarked on "a hostile attack on the Tailors and Textile Workers Union."It said active union members were "constantly harassed and intimidated.Some were locked up in the factory cell and handed over to the police on fabricated charges." The report added that some were fired solely for joining the union.The survey pointed out that trade union rights are severely violated in many Far Eastern countries. It said police have attacked workers protesting in state-owned textile plants in China."Any attempt to form a free trade union can be rewarded with huge prison sentences and even life imprisonment," it said.The ICFTU survey also documented harsh anti-union policies by management of garment and footwear factories in Indonesia, Pakistan and fierce anti-union tactics in export-promotion zones in the Philippines, Sri Lanka and other countries.With regards to the Americas, the report concludes hostility toward trade unions in a recurrent problem in many Central and South American countries.In Guatemala, it said, freedom of association "is virtually nonexistent" and added that employers in textile factories or the big multinationals refuse to recognize trade unions." No Guatemalan textile or apparel plants are currently unionized.In the case of the U.S., the report estimated that "80 percent of employers engage consultants to assist in anti-union campaigning."ICFTU analysts alleged in the report that "some of the most extreme exploitation" takes place in territories controlled by the U.S. such as the Northern Mariana Islands.The report argued the conditions there amount to a system of servitude: "Local authorities permit foreign-owned companies to recruit thousands of foreign workers, mainly young women from Thailand, China, the Philippines and Bangladesh."The report contended workers in that region must sign contracts that stipulate they must refrain from asking for wage increases, from seeking other work or from joining a union. If they violate the contract, they face deportation, the report added.The Northern Mariana Islands have been in the public eye over the past two years as the result of an ongoing lawsuit involving garment makers on Saipan, the island that is the capital of the archipelago."
@chanel and @pharrell dropped what’s being dubbed as the world’s most exclusive sneakers yesterday. The Adidas Originals NMD Hu, which Williams designed in collaboration with Chanel and @adidasoriginals, has a waiting list of over 120K people who pre-registered online at chanelatcolette.fr –– and only 500 pairs are on sale. The singer predicted the resale value of the shoes could reach $40K. Read the full interview on WWD.com. Link in bio. #wwdfashion (📷: Dominique Maître)
@imanshumpert is diving deeper into his creative endeavors and relaunching his clothing line, Post 90s, and is helping to raise money for the hurricane victims in St. Maarten with a jersey he’s designed with his brother. The Cleveland Cavaliers player talked to WWD about kneeling during the national anthem, working with fashion brands and how he wants to be more than an @nba player. Read the interview on WWD.com #wwdfashion (📷: George Chinese)
Not only does #TheProfit return to CNBC tonight, but @marcuslemonis has launched @shopmarcus, a new shopping and lifestyle retail experience in Aspen and Chicago, with more locations to come. The retail stores offer in-store stylists and a variety of contemporary womenswear selections.
“It’s life, I’m going to face it,” @mingxi11 sighed. “I fell, but you know, I think the most important thing is that I get back up. I had the love, the help from my sister — the girl next to me Gizele [Oliveira] — she’s so nice. When I went backstage everybody was trying to comfort me like ‘Oh Ming, it’s OK.’ I’m really, really touched. I think it’s them who gave me the courage to go back on stage for the finale,” Xi told WWD of her fall at the @victoriassecret fashion show. (📷: David Fisher) #wwdfashion #vsfashionshow #victoriassecret
@louisvuitton tapped @therealpeterlindbergh for its latest city-centric photo book, which is part of a series called Fashion Eye. The primarily black and white book captures the spirit of Berlin in 57 images shot between 1989 and 2019. “Berlin is an inspiration for me, more than a city. I mean @millajovovich is simply Berlin!” said Lindbergh. #wwdfashion
“You know, I think audiences expect a certain performance so I have to deliver to them what they’re expecting to a certain degree. But I’m also a different actor and a different person, I have my own spin on the character,” says @noahegalvin of his takeover of the leading role in “Dear Evan Hansen” following the departure of @bensplatt, who originated the role. Read WWD’s interview with the 23-year-old actor on WWD.com #wwdeye (📷: @jilliansollazzo)
For pre-fall 2018, @etro created richly-colored wonderland, using tapestries, textiles and wallpapers from the Eastern world at large. The line featured floral and graphic prints and jacquard motifs, like this two-piece look featured here. #wwdfashion (📷: Giovanna Pavesi)
@kith is moving into children’s. The men’s and women’s streetwear brand has launched Kidset, a Kith kids line located in New York at 64 Bleecker Street. The line includes mini versions of staple Kith pieces like the Astor bomber jacket and the Kith box logo sweatshirts, along with a wall that can display up to 120 pairs of shoes from @adidas, @newbalance, @timberland and more. #wwdfashion
“I just wanted to create this fully rounded character, but I do think what excited me most was just the opportunity to give a group of people representation that I feel needs it. I like to do characters in projects that stand for something and Karolina definitely does, so that was really exciting to me,” @ginnygardner says of her new role in @hulu’s “The Runaways.” Gardner plays Karolina Dean, a queer superhero, which is a rarity for @marvel. Read more about Gardner’s character on WWD.com #wwdeye (📷: @dandoperalski)