By  on April 19, 2006

WASHINGTON — Susan Schwab, nominated by President Bush on Tuesday to be the new U.S. Trade Representative, faces a challenging agenda.

Schwab, who is to move up from deputy USTR after Bush appointed her boss, Rob Portman, director of the Office of Management and Budget, will take on responsibility for faltering talks in the World Trade Organization to reduce global tariffs and work on 14 pending free trade agreements. The administration wants to push the accords through Congress before July 2007, the expiration date for the trade promotion authority that gives the president the power to submit trade bills to Congress for approval without amendment.

"Susan will work hard to conclude these agreements and ensure that American goods, services and crops are treated fairly in overseas markets," Bush, flanked by Schwab and Portman, said in the White House rose garden.

Schwab, 51, will help manage the delicate trading relationship with China, with which the U.S. had a record $202 billion trade deficit last year. The administration has been pressing China to better protect intellectual property rights and further open its market to U.S. firms. Bush also has been pressuring for reform of China's currency policies through Treasury Secretary John Snow. Bush is to meet with Chinese President Hu Jintao at the White House on Thursday.

As budget chief, Portman can make good use of contacts cultivated over more than a decade as a republican congressman from Ohio, said Larry Sabato, executive director of the Center for Politics at the University of Virginia. Portman succeeds Joshua Bolten, who has been named White House chief of staff in an effort to reenergize the president's second term amid congressional unrest.

"I think Bush and Bolten are trying to demonstrate that they are listening to republican senators and congressmen, and Portman would be a Capitol Hill choice," Sabato said.

The appointments of Portman and Schwab must be approved by the Senate.

At OMB, Portman will watch over how the government spends its money and will be responsible for cutting the federal budget deficit, which hit $319 billion during fiscal 2005, in half by 2009.

The passing of the trade baton to Schwab comes at a delicate point for the WTO's Doha Round negotiations, which are intended to reduce tariffs on industrial and agricultural goods and services, but have lagged behind schedule.

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