By  on December 5, 2006

GENEVA — Global exports of textiles had the third-highest number — after chemicals and plastics — of new final antidumping measures imposed from Jan. 1 through June 30, a World Trade Organization report said.

In that period, 15 WTO members imposed a total of 71 such measures, which included nine in the textiles and apparel sector, 23 in chemicals and 14 in plastics, according to the report. Reflecting the heightened competition in the post-quota global marketplace, a significant number of the determinations hit Chinese exports.

Dumping occurs when an exporter sells goods abroad at a lower price than in the country of origin, or at below cost.

In May, India placed new final antidumping measures, with duties ranging from 24.3 to 74 percent, on imports of Chinese viscose filament yarn. Another textiles and apparel exporting country, Turkey, applied a new final definitive duty determination of $1.50 per kilogram on imports of Chinese woven fabrics and chenille fabrics.

Turkey imposed new final measures against imports of South Korean woven synthetic fabrics by imposing a 40 percent dumping duty in June. In May, Turkey set new final definitive measures against South Korean imports of polyester flat yarns with a rate of duty between 5.7 and 10.9 percent.

Overall, China imposed the largest number of final new antidumping determinations, 15, followed by India and South Korea, with six each, the WTO said.

However, the textile sector was less prominent during the period in initiating new antidumping investigations with only three out of a total of 87 probes. Base metals (19), machinery (16), plastics (13) and chemicals (11) dominated the new initiations.

Turkey launched all of the new textile antidumping initiations against Chinese woven fabric of synthetic and artificial stable fibers, and against shipments of woven synthetic fabrics from South Korea and the Philippines, the WTO said.

The WTO said India reported the most new antidumping initiations, with 20 new probes, followed by the European Union with 17, Australia with nine, and Argentina, Indonesia and Turkey with five each.

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