GENEVA — Textiles jobs have been a victim of the quickening pace of globalization.
Most of the declines in manufacturing employment in the last three decades in the world's seven richest economies have taken place in just two industry sectors, textiles and metals, an expert economic report said.
In areas like food products, chemicals, motor vehicles and other manufacturing, employment in G7 nations has been relatively stable, concluded the study by the Paris-based Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.
The G7 consists of the U.S., Japan, the United Kingdom, France, Italy, Germany and Canada.
Between 1970 and 2001, the number of manufacturing workers in textiles in G7 nations declined from around 10 million in 1970 to about four million in 2001, noted the OECD report on the changing nature of manufacturing.
But the report highlighted that manufacturing employment has also declined in large emerging economies such as Brazil, China and Russia.
Separately, the National Council of Textile Organizations has estimated that 65,600 jobs have been lost since the end of the global quota regime on Jan. 1, 2005.
The major cause for the fall in manufacturing jobs everywhere, said the OECD, is "rapid productivity growth, whether by restructuring inefficient plants, or deploying skills, knowledge, technology and new processes to boost efficiency."
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