NEW YORK — China’s growing strength in manufacturing everything from steel to skirts is causing increased anxiety across many industrial sectors. With the end of quotas on textiles and apparel among World Trade Organization members in 2005 fast approaching, U.S. manufacturers are becoming increasingly concerned. A growing coalition of domestic industrial interests is arguing that unless some sort of restraints are imposed on Chinese exports, the U.S. will face massive job losses. But the view in China is not so sanguine. Since joining the WTO, the world’s most populated nation has committed to open its market to foreign competitors in fields from entertainment to financial services, and Chinese authorities are growing concerned that many of their enterprises, which are undergoing privatization, will be unable to compete. For them, the textile and apparel sector is a thin ray of hope.

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