By  on July 11, 2008

GENEVA — Turkey and Brazil initiated the largest number of antidumping investigations against textile exports in the second half of 2007, targeting primarily China and other Asian nations, a World Trade Organization report said.

Out of 10 cases, Turkey initiated five antidumping actions, followed by three from Brazil and one each from the U.S. and Thailand. Turkey launched actions on imports of Chinese nylon textured yarn, polyester textured yarn, and three cases against imports of polyester textured yarn from Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand.

Dumping occurs when an exporter sells goods abroad at a lower price than in the country of origin or at below cost.

Brazil's actions targeted imports of synthetic blankets from China, and imports of jute yarn from Bangladesh and India. The action initiated by the U.S. was against imports of Chinese laminated woven sacks.

Overall, 14 WTO countries initiated 101 antidumping investigations. Machinery and equipment were the most targeted, with 23 investigations launched, followed by chemicals, 18 and textiles, 10. The highest number of antidumping investigations was reported by India, with 31, followed by the U.S., 24, and South Korea, 10. Chinese products were the most targeted, with 40 antidumping cases launched.

Textile products from China also featured in the four cases in which antidumping measures were imposed on textile products during the July-to-December period. Colombia imposed punitive duties on imports of Chinese table linen, bed linen and curtains, and India imposed punitive duties on imports of Chinese partially oriented yarn.

There were 58 cases of antidumping measures being imposed in the period. Chemical products were the most affected with 23 new measures reported, followed by machinery and equipment, 12, and textiles with the four actions. The largest number of antidumping measures applied was reported by India, with 16, followed by Brazil, eight, and China and the European Union, seven each.

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