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“Delivering the latest [fashion] is just chewing up supply chains and the companies involved.”

So said Rebecca Henderson, a John and Natty McArthur University professor at Harvard University and author of “Reimagining Capitalism in a World On Fire.”

In hindsight, it’s difficult to argue the benefits of such a model. Boohoo’s recent plunging stock due to allegations of poor worker pay and safety is evidence of the financial world’s important role in directing accountability, with Henderson and John Thorbeck, chairman of Chainge Capital, emphasizing the importance of Environmental, Social and Corporate Governance measures in their respective speeches at Sourcing Journal’s “Fashion’s Business Model for Sustainability” virtual event on Wednesday. (Sourcing Journal, like WWD, is owned by Penske Media Corp.)

There were six total sessions ⁠— including a peer-to-peer idea exchange to close the afternoon ⁠— that reiterated how committed companies will be able to increase both sustainability and profitability, as they are interrelated.

According to Henderson, remaking fashion requires rebuilding purposeful, inclusive institutions and grappling with architectural innovation. Change should be implemented in strides within a procedural approach so a firm doesn’t take on too many projects (most firms are about 300-percent overloaded).

Purpose can’t be faked either.

Thorbeck, in a session on “A Roadmap for Capital, Culture and Change,” led with the “Zara Gap” model he and Warren H. Hausman, a Stanford University professor, and Citi Research pioneered a few years ago to explain why fast fashion outperforms department stores and specialty retail.

Of course, the pandemic has caused even the world’s largest fashion retailer and Zara owner, Inditex, to suffer significant financial losses. 

The “Zara Gap” model applies postponement metrics to inventory risk; it quantifies impact on market capitalization of 30 to 40 percent. For a sustainable fashion business, Thorbeck calls for shared value and shared risk starting with upstream suppliers, instead of low cost and long lead times that have characterized the business for so long. With better lead time optimization (LTO), data science, strong ESG metrics and emphasis on process innovation in the first mile, retailers and brands can close the gap on Zara, while unlocking excess capital to meet the demand for sustainability.

Regarding the demand for sustainability, Akanksha Himatsingka, chief executive officer, EMEA & Asia Pacific, and creative director of the Himêya Himatsingka Group, noted the sustainability “premium” already shifting in favor of such change, but it “needs to happen a lot more.”

Not just in terms of consumer premiums, but February research from McKinsey & Co. found that 83 percent of c-suite leaders and investment professionals say they expect that ESG programs will contribute more shareholder value in five years than today– indicating they’d pay a “10 percent median premium to acquire a company with a positive record for ESG issues over one with a negative record.”

“Consciousness” across investors, corporations and consumers is the guiding word, according to Liz Simon, chief sustainable transformation officer at Fashion3, in the same session on “Creating the New Social Impact Narrative.”

It wasn’t the only session beckoning a reframing of thought. In some fashion businesses, data science often gets scooted off to the IT department, where the discipline would be better-suited to operational roles.

AJ Mak, founder and ceo of Chain of Demand, and Ahmed Zaidi, cofounder and chief technology officer of Catalyst AI, spoke to the value in data science and predictive analytics in operations for unlocking upstream capital and responsiveness to the tune of a 50 percent reduction in excess inventory by year-end, in one best-case scenario.

In another session, Morten Lehmann, Global Fashion Agenda’s chief sustainability officer, talked about another “gap” that needs to be addressed: that of a company’s short-term and long-term sustainability goals.

His viewpoint matches that of much of the industry’s since, with thinning resources and continued fallout from COVID-19, who can earnestly allocate investment to sustainability right now?

“The biggest challenge we are facing with this is how do we close that gap,” said Lehmann. He outlined government incentives, among other commitment drivers, as key to increasing industrywide accountability.