GENEVA — Global textile production grew by 3.1 percent in the third quarter but apparel output posted an increase of only 0.8 percent compared to the same period a year earlier, a United Nations report said.
Developing and emerging economies dominated the gains in both segments, with an increase of 4 percent for textiles and 1.2 percent for apparel, while production in industrialized economies registered a rise of 0.4 percent for textiles and a decline of 0.5 percent for apparel.
However, the report also reveals the production results varied widely among producing countries in both emerging and industrialized economies, reflecting the prolonged yet fragile recovery in rich economies and weakened growth prospects in developing and emerging economies.
From July to September, textile production among developing and emerging economies increased by 5.2 percent in China, 3.8 percent in Russia, 3.7 percent in South Africa, 2.6 percent in India, 1.6 percent in Brazil, and 1.4 percent in Mexico, but witnessed a fall of 8.9 percent in Indonesia, and a decline of 2.5 percent in Turkey, the report by the Vienna-based U.N. Industrial Development Organization said.
In the same quarter, textile production among industrialized economies secured increases of 2.2 percent in the United States, 1.6 percent in Germany, and 0.5 percent in Italy, but also experienced falls of 6.6 percent in Canada and 2.7 percent in France.
Similarly, apparel production during the third quarter among developing and emerging economies notched gains of 10.3 percent in Vietnam, reflecting its position as one of the fastest-growing Asian economies, and 3.3 percent in China, but recorded contractions of 6.1 percent in India, 4.2 percent in Mexico and 3 percent in Turkey.
With regards to industrialized economies, UNIDO said apparel production expanded by 9 percent in Spain, 4 percent in Poland and 3.5 percent in Italy, but posted declines of 9.7 percent in the United States, 7.7 percent in Canada, 0.8 percent in Germany and 0.2 percent in France.
Overall, UNIDO said global manufacturing output grew by 2.4 percent in the third quarter compared to the same quarter a year ago, with production in developing and emerging economies expanding by 4.7 percent, and in industrialized nations slightly up by 0.6 percent.
The report cautions the uncertainty accompanying political developments in the United States and Europe with potential impact on global trade arrangements “may create new risks” to worldwide industrial growth.