GENEVA — Three emerging economies — Argentina, Brazil and Turkey — launched the largest number of antidumping investigations on textile imports in the 12 months through June, with shipments originating in China the most heavily targeted, a new World Trade Organization report said.

This story first appeared in the November 10, 2009 issue of WWD. Subscribe Today.

Out of 28 new cases, Argentina and Brazil initiated seven antidumping actions each, Turkey had five, and India and Indonesia each had three.

Argentina launched investigations on imports of Chinese fibers and yarns, denim and plain weave fabric, and separate cases against imports of fibers and yarns from India, Indonesia and Taiwan, and shipments of plain weave fabric from Brazil. Under global trade norms, dumping occurs when an exporter sells goods abroad at a lower price than they trade for in the home country or at below cost.

Neighboring Brazil’s initiations targeted imports of single yarn and artificial staple fibers, and blankets of synthetic fibers from China, and shipments of single yarn of artificial staple fibers from India, Indonesia, Taiwan and Thailand.

Turkey, a major global exporter of textiles, also initiated a batch of antidumping proceedings against various nonwoven textiles from China, Iran, Israel, Italy and Saudi Arabia, the WTO said. But Asian textile exporters India and Indonesia also opened antidumping investigations, with products from China and other Asian competitors the main targets. India launched actions against flax fabrics from China and from Hong Kong, and Indonesia against imports of polyester staple fiber from China, India and Taiwan.

During the same period, the WTO said 23 final antidumping measures were applied, with the largest number reported by Turkey with 11, of which five were imposed on textile imports from China, followed by Brazil with seven and South Korea with two.

The final measures by Turkey included imposing final dumping duties of 16.5 percent to 23.9 percent on imports from China of nonwoven textiles.

The Brazilian final antidumping measures included the imposition of punitive tariffs on imports of viscose fibers from China, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand and Austria, the WTO said. The final determination against viscose fibers from China slapped a punitive duty of 15.1 percent.

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