GENEVA — Boosted by economic recovery and growing demand in the U.S. and other advanced economies, apparel production in industrialized countries posted the first increase since 2010, growing 0.4 percent in the third quarter compared with the same period last year.
Production in developing nations gained 7.3 percent in the period, lifting global output in the sector 5.1 percent in the three months through September, a report by the Vienna-based U.N. Industrial Development Organization said Tuesday.
The U.S. posted the biggest gain among the major economies in the “rich nation” grouping, with apparel production up nearly 3.9 percent, the report said.
“This might be an indication that manufacturing is gradually moving back to industrialized countries,” the report said.
Production in Germany increased 3.2 percent, and 1.8 percent in both Australia and Italy, while gaining 9.4 percent in Denmark and 11.5 percent in Ireland. However, France bucked the upward trend and registered a fall of 1.6 percent.
Among developing nations, gains in apparel production were posted by Indonesia, up 9.2 percent; China, ahead 5.5 percent, and Turkey, gaining 3.5 percent, while Brazil witnessed a contraction of 3.6 percent.
In textile manufacturing, the U.N. report shows that world production during in the period increased 3.6 percent, as output in developing countries grew 5.7 percent, but declined 1 percent in industrialized nations.
China, the world’s biggest textile producer, reported a 6.9 percent gain for the quarter, with increases also notched by Egypt, up 5 percent; Turkey, gaining 4.2 percent, and India, rising 3 percent. However, among major advanced producers, Germany posted an increase of 2 percent, while the U.S. registered a fall of 3.3 percent and Italy a contraction of 1.7 percent.
Total global manufacturing expanded 2.4 percent in the quarter compared with the same period a year earlier. The report said the latest estimates of world manufacturing production indicate “the recovery from the recession is continuing to move forth,” and “some positive changes in industrial growth were observed across the industrialized economies.”
In the U.S., the report said manufacturing output grew 2.3 percent in the quarter, and noted, “Recent improvements in manufacturing have significantly contributed to income rises of households willing to spend on consumer goods and automobiles.” In the same period, overall manufacturing output in China grew 9.3 percent.