Population: Approximately 800,000 (total five-county metro area).
History: Founded in 1607, named Richmond by William Byrd II, for Richmond, England. In 1775, Patrick Henry made his “Give me liberty or give me death” speech at St. John’s Church. In 1780, the Virginia capitol moved from Williamsburg to Richmond. In 1861, Richmond was named the Capitol of the Confederacy. In 1865, Confederate troops burned supplies to prevent them from getting into Union hands. Much of the city was destroyed and rebuilt after the Civil War.
Business and Industry: Fortune 500 firms headquartered in Richmond include Circuit City Stores, CSX Corp., a transportation and natural resources firm and Reynolds Metals Company.
Retail: Department stores J.C. Penney, Sears, Hecht’s and Dillard’s. In addition to around 20 strip malls, Richmond has mainstreet-style enclaves of unique specialty stores, including Carytown, Libby & Grove and River Road.
Attractions: Richmond is known for historical sites. Monument Avenue includes monuments to Confederate president Jefferson Davis, generals Robert E. Lee and “Stonewall” Jackson, as well as tap dancer Bill “Bojangles” Robinson and tennis great Arthur Ashe, both from Richmond. The Museum of the Confederacy and strings of battlefield parks and trails. Maymont, a fully intact Victorian estate, includes tours of gardens and zoo.

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