GENEVA — Asian nations, led by India and Pakistan, last year initiated the highest number of antidumping investigations against global textiles exports, according to a World Trade Organization report.

Twenty-four antidumping cases targeting textiles were reported to the WTO, up from 21 in 2004. Products originating in China were the most targeted, with eight new investigations. Dumping occurs when an exporter sells goods abroad at a lower price than in the country of origin or at below cost.

India initiated 11 textile antidumping actions, followed by Pakistan with four, South Korea and the U.S. with three each, China with two and Peru with one.

India began actions on imports of Chinese silk fabrics, viscose filament yarn, nylon filament yarn, and partially oriented yarn. It also initiated antidumping actions on imports of Ukrainian viscose filament yarn, and opened proceedings against imports of drawn or oriented yarn from Taiwan, South Korea, Malaysia and Indonesia. India also initiated actions on imports from Indonesia and Taiwan of nylon filament yarn.

Similarly, Pakistan sought antidumping investigations on imports of polyester textured filament yarn from Indonesia, South Korea, Malaysia and Thailand. South Korea initiated antidumping investigations against imports of polyester textured filament yarn from China, Malaysia and Taiwan.

China, the world’s largest exporter of textiles, initiated investigations against imports of wear-resistant overlay from the European Union and the U.S.

Last year, the U.S. also requested action on imports of Chinese artist canvas and wear-resistant overlay, and on imports of polyethylene retail carrier bags from Thailand.

The report from the Geneva-based WTO said provisional measures were only placed on five cases of textiles in which dumping was found to occur. These were four antidumping measures by Pakistan on imports of polyester textured filament yarn and a provisional determination by the U.S. on imports of Chinese artist canvas.

Looking at all categories of merchandise exports, WTO members launched 191 antidumping cases last year, down from 213 in 2004. India initiated the most cases, with 25, followed by China and the EU with 24 each.

Chinese products were the most targeted, with 57 antidumping initiations launched against them by trading partners.

The WTO report said that the total number of antidumping measures imposed last year was 131, down from 151 in 2004.

This story first appeared in the May 16, 2006 issue of WWD. Subscribe Today.

The 25-member European Union imposed more measures than any other WTO member with 21, followed by the U.S. with 18, India with 17 and China with 16.

Most measures in 2005 were imposed on exports of Chinese goods, which totaled 40, compared with 43 the year before, the WTO said.