GENEVA — The U.S., driven by the economic recovery, posted a 7.1 percent increase in textile production and a 3.2 percent increase in apparel output in the first quarter and outperformed many other advanced and emerging nations in the sector, a United Nations report said.
Overall, in the same period, apparel production in developing nations in January to March increased by 5.5 percent and textiles by 4.2 percent, but in rich economies there was a 5.2 percent contraction in apparel and a 0.9 percent drop in textiles output.
As a result, global apparel output in the first quarter increased by 2.7 percent, and textile production by 2.9 percent, and overall global manufacturing output grew by 2.8 percent, with developing countries registering a 5.3 percent increase and rich industrial countries a gain of 1.3 percent.
The report by the Vienna-based U.N. Industrial Development Organization said the latest quarterly estimates of world manufacturing output show sustained low growth was observed in key emerging industrial economies, especially in China, which recorded the lowest first-quarter manufacturing growth figure in a decade, and came in at 7.2 percent.
“These figures will likely compel the Chinese government to pursue new initiatives to boost growth,” the report said.
Aside from the robust U.S. increase, apparel production in the first quarter witnessed declines in some key European producing nations such as Italy, down 7.9 percent; Spain, 7.3 percent; Germany, 5.6 percent, and France, a drop of 4.6 percent.
Results were also mixed in developing apparel nations.
India, reflecting the expansion in economic growth, saw apparel output surge by 20.8 percent compared to the same quarter in 2014, and China grew by 6 percent, but Turkey rose only 0.4 percent. There also were declines in Indonesia, 1.9 percent; Peru, 2.8 percent, and in Mexico, 1.7 percent.
Performances were also diverse in textiles.
In Germany, Europe’s biggest economy, output grew by nearly 2 percent, but fell in Italy by 4.5 percent, and in neighboring France, dipped by 1 percent.
Similarly, textile output in China increased by 5.8 percent, and in India by 3.9 percent, but in Turkey contracted 10.5 percent, in Brazil by 7 percent, and in Indonesia by 0.25 percent, UNIDO said.